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Fossil CO2 & GHG emissions of all world countries, 2017

Download the "Fossil CO2 & GHG emissions of all world countries, 2017" booklet.

EDGAR’s Global Fossil CO2 Emissions from 1990 to 2016 (EDGARv4.3.2_FT2016 dataset)

The following time series report country-specific CO2 emission totals of fossil fuel use and industrial processes (cement production, carbonate use of limestone and dolomite, non-energy use of fuels and other combustion, chemical and metal processes, solvents, agricultural liming and urea, waste and fossil fuel fires). Excluded are: short-cycle biomass burning (such as agricultural waste burning), large-scale biomass burning (such as forest fires) and carbon emissions/removals of land-use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF).

The EDGARv4.3.2_FT2016 emissions are calculated based on:
- IEA energy balance statistics (2014) (http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/energy/co2-emissions-from-fuel-combustion-2014_co2_fuel-2014-en) and IEA (2016) for China
- BP 2015-2016 data of the BP Statistical Review of World Energy, (June 2017) (http://www.bp.com/en/global/corporate/about-bp/energy-economics/statisticalreview-ofworld-energy.html)
- USGS 2013-1016 data of cement, lime, ammonia of the USGS Commodity Statistics (April 2017) (https://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity/)
- IFA 2011-2016 urea consumption and production statistics (June 2017) (http://www.fertilizer.org/Statistics) NOAA 2013-2015 data for CO2 from flaring (June 2017)
- REN21(2017), Renewables 2017 Global Status Report (http://www.ren21.net/wp-content/uploads/2017/06/17-8399_GSR_2017_Full_Report_0621_Opt.pdf)
- WSA 2012-2015 (June 2017) (https://www.worldsteel.org/steel-by-topic/statistics/monthly-crude-steel-and-iron-production.html)

For the per capita and per GDP emissions, the following auxiliary data have been used:
- UNDP population statistics (2017), World Population Prospects (WPP), The 2017 Revision Report United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division.
- IMF/WEO data of GDP (expressed in 1000 US dollar adjusted to the Purchasing Power Parity of 2011) (2017). World Economic Outlook Update January 2017. International Monetary Fund.

Download the 1970-2016 fossil CO2 timeseries for all countries: total emissions, per capita emissions, per GDP emissions.

EDGAR’s Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions from 1970 to 2012 (EDGARv4.3.2 dataset)

The new version v4.3.2 of the EDGAR emission inventory provides global emission estimates by region/country for all anthropogenic activities except the land-use, land-use change and forestry sector (including Forest fires and Savannah burning) for the three major Greenhouse Gases (CO2, CH4 and N2O, summed in CO2 equivalent using the GWP-100 metric of AR4). Further details can be found in the ESSD publication of Janssens-Maenhout et al. (2017).

Download the 1970-2012 GHG timeseries for all countries: total emissions, per capita emissions, per GDP emissions.

CO2 and GHG emissions by country

Please click on each country to visulize the corresponding factsheet with two graphs of timeseries (for CO2 and for GHG). The data are orderder in the table below for key years, to allow easy comparison of different countries.

CO2 total emissions - CO2 per capita emissions - CO2 per GDP emissions
GHG total emissions - GHG per capita emissions - GHG per GDP emissions

Country
unit
World Total
EU-28
1990
kton CO2eq
32409720
5593975
1995
kton CO2eq
33621340
5220854
2000
kton CO2eq
35451110
5098245
2005
kton CO2eq
40500730
5167600
2010
kton CO2eq
44745350
4768255
2011
kton CO2eq
45981160
4618211
2012
% world total
100
10.11
2012
kton CO2eq
46423330
4577059
China3927000.005034000.005363000.008296000.0010894000.0011808000.0026.7212102000.00
United States of America (the)6030000.006348000.006877000.006856000.006474000.006361000.0013.526125000.00
India1425000.001699000.001925000.002187000.002892000.003020000.006.993166000.00
Russian Federation (the)2978000.002115400.002001300.002065300.002145600.002241100.005.042280800.00
Japan1269200.001344900.001344600.001376900.001291500.001329000.003.021368700.00
Brazil646300.00779000.00875000.00997000.001086000.001112000.002.471121000.00
Germany1230500.001103500.001014700.00961000.00928200.00907500.002.02916200.00
Indonesia428200.00520100.00569800.00660000.00780500.00800700.001.82823200.00
Iran (Islamic Republic of)373600.00447300.00501200.00652900.00768000.00778900.001.74786000.00
Mexico442500.00496600.00581200.00632900.00697000.00708000.001.60725000.00
Canada600200.00648600.00717400.00719100.00699000.00706300.001.58717500.00
Korea (the Republic of)317980.00451800.00534800.00564100.00644700.00658400.001.44653900.00
International Shipping391620.00454020.00525400.00609300.00700500.00707000.001.39646500.00
Australia444700.00463500.00531700.00587800.00585900.00598600.001.33602100.00
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (the)764500.00712000.00693000.00677000.00592500.00551800.001.24559700.00
Saudi Arabia241020.00288750.00332150.00390790.00512230.00534740.001.23558800.00
South Africa348800.00370600.00397800.00469100.00504400.00486000.001.07484300.00
Turkey230900.00276400.00336200.00354000.00428700.00450300.001.06480500.00
International Aviation264915.30297285.90362232.10431239.00470820.90487054.701.06492126.40
France and Monaco524200.00518200.00522900.00527500.00495300.00463900.001.02462600.00
Italy and San Marino and Holy See (the)513600.00519700.00542600.00571800.00490100.00478000.001.02461000.00
Thailand204000.00273700.00281300.00344500.00388900.00392300.000.90407300.00
Ukraine952600.00577000.00444600.00439100.00392600.00414200.000.89402700.00
Poland489300.00468400.00406900.00402500.00416000.00410500.000.89402000.00
Pakistan184600.00219700.00261800.00321200.00366800.00377300.000.84379500.00
Argentina282900.00290100.00303500.00343600.00360700.00360000.000.79358300.00
Kazakhstan353200.00248100.00176800.00233800.00308200.00327500.000.79357200.00
Spain and Andorra288400.00314500.00378100.00435400.00352300.00352300.000.76342000.00
Egypt140600.00160300.00181800.00249300.00294200.00308200.000.69313800.00
Nigeria330800.00362500.00310600.00307100.00286600.00300000.000.67304200.00
Viet Nam101200.00129500.00160600.00219700.00284300.00293300.000.65295400.00
Taiwan (Province of China)141010.00186480.00246190.00286210.00288180.00287200.000.64288240.00
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)171870.00207370.00225700.00246800.00283700.00266200.000.62282800.00
Malaysia91900.00133690.00175130.00233400.00263600.00271900.000.60274000.00
United Arab Emirates (the)79794.00107730.00122220.00149530.00205640.00212090.000.50225190.00
Netherlands (the)211000.00222300.00215500.00219600.00216890.00205040.000.46206800.00
Iraq127070.00152430.00139680.00142910.00190810.00202090.000.45205490.00
Algeria151010.00189610.00168280.00178200.00194750.00197990.000.45204240.00
Bangladesh127300.00134800.00145100.00165000.00201300.00204800.000.45204000.00
Uzbekistan164450.00149180.00169700.00172330.00168800.00179200.000.40182200.00
Philippines (the)102970.00126940.00143000.00155700.00165700.00168000.000.37169600.00
Colombia130000.00143700.00143200.00146300.00158400.00161300.000.34156100.00
Qatar31661.0032603.0056751.0071801.00126494.00140752.000.34153213.00
Czechia197810.00153760.00151340.00146910.00139890.00138080.000.30135850.00
Ethiopia58300.0062510.0070810.0092510.00123400.00124270.000.29129620.00
Belgium141510.00149620.00151370.00143120.00137700.00129650.000.28124640.00
Romania239200.00165900.00128200.00136900.00115300.00121100.000.27120900.00
Kuwait49274.0067331.0076480.00101536.00109386.00114392.000.26118917.00
Sudan (the) and South Sudan56190.0072150.0089030.00106000.00116400.00117500.000.26116600.00
Myanmar69340.0078820.0085400.00103000.00111070.00110320.000.25114810.00
Turkmenistan78300.0056150.0067480.0095450.0098560.00110010.000.25114660.00
Belarus143600.0087700.0081560.0089890.00101300.00112100.000.25113200.00
Greece106060.00113120.00126380.00134150.00118820.00116570.000.25112900.00
Chile55290.0067560.0081920.0088770.00102900.00110820.000.24109590.00
Oman41528.0038360.0042320.0057563.0088187.0095950.000.2196290.00
Austria80560.0081750.0083680.0096550.0091240.0090440.000.2089270.00
Korea (the Democratic People's Republic of)165000.00112750.0098730.00107130.0095650.0082960.000.1883400.00
New Zealand67000.0072100.0078600.0084600.0081400.0080900.000.1881800.00
Israel and Palestine, State of40750.0054710.0066630.0070260.0079710.0079590.000.1880300.00
Peru43110.0050010.0054410.0058870.0075370.0080060.000.1879750.00
Finland77160.0081020.0079560.0079520.0088240.0080490.000.1779240.00
Libya80610.00105200.0077900.0088580.0098380.0061440.000.1776940.00
Morocco40980.0045680.0053160.0064840.0071030.0075380.000.1776090.00
Serbia and Montenegro83440.0062620.0065000.0074630.0071690.0076320.000.1775280.00
Syrian Arab Republic60090.0076750.0074780.0082130.0084740.0079320.000.1674100.00
Kenya40180.0041950.0044520.0050100.0070400.0071900.000.1673400.00
Sweden78080.0082900.0078220.0081500.0076200.0071130.000.1568350.00
Norway54990.0063300.0066870.0070080.0071440.0069530.000.1568340.00
Ecuador45300.0048550.0042210.0053240.0065970.0067160.000.1567940.00
Portugal58120.0068880.0081860.0084530.0069650.0069500.000.1567070.00
Bulgaria105740.0074680.0060770.0064860.0060430.0065820.000.1465370.00
Angola51850.0056960.0056320.0054090.0064140.0064460.000.1464910.00
Hungary93970.0076460.0074380.0077300.0066900.0064750.000.1463910.00
Tanzania, United Republic of30510.0036150.0040600.0049300.0056610.0061530.000.1461710.00
Ireland56810.0060690.0070140.0073440.0066190.0061330.000.1461270.00
Denmark70410.0078030.0069930.0066650.0063510.0058230.000.1356970.00
Switzerland and Liechtenstein54950.0053800.0053230.0055850.0060350.0055660.000.1255370.00
Trinidad and Tobago18304.0017709.0029124.0048043.0058067.0055457.000.1152063.00
Azerbaijan84170.0042280.0039830.0044640.0045210.0048680.000.1150630.00
Hong Kong37358.0041044.0044809.0045694.0045007.0050073.000.1150082.00
Singapore32742.0047170.0057230.0044650.0050160.0049500.000.1149450.00
Cuba60410.0043760.0049350.0044440.0049830.0048810.000.1149210.00
Slovakia72220.0054580.0051610.0052280.0049970.0048310.000.1148230.00
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)25970.0029070.0028680.0035050.0042940.0045190.000.1046980.00
Yemen14680.0022670.0029240.0039370.0052170.0046860.000.1045810.00
Uruguay28480.0033160.0033120.0035400.0037960.0039480.000.0940710.00
Nepal28700.0030760.0032930.0034360.0037990.0039230.000.0940550.00
Uganda16360.0018780.0021660.0025900.0036800.0037980.000.0938940.00
Mongolia25170.0023210.0024510.0021990.0032770.0037130.000.0837870.00
Tunisia21740.0026220.0031200.0033770.0037190.0035970.000.0836470.00
Cameroon23760.0048700.0038650.0037510.0036030.0036280.000.0836370.00
Dominican Republic (the)17490.0022050.0027930.0029950.0033590.0035340.000.0836180.00
Paraguay20730.0025640.0025230.0026210.0033570.0034100.000.0733710.00
Cambodia18574.0021480.0022250.0026240.0031280.0032730.000.0732470.00
Congo (the Democratic Republic of the)18820.0023580.0023520.0026120.0029540.0030970.000.0731570.00
Sri Lanka19470.0021190.0024390.0028250.0030400.0031100.000.0730850.00
Madagascar23673.0024700.0025400.0026230.0029970.0029830.000.0729750.00
Bosnia and Herzegovina30460.005817.0017641.0020963.0026882.0029870.000.0629270.00
Mali12690.0014239.0016807.0020750.0027510.0028790.000.0629130.00
Ghana10330.0012530.0016020.0018660.0025220.0028080.000.0628760.00
Niger (the)11448.0014293.0017680.0022170.0027350.0027130.000.0628300.00
Croatia32850.0023360.0025850.0030380.0028790.0028610.000.0628190.00
Afghanistan12020.0013450.0016080.0018300.0026120.0026890.000.0626990.00
Jordan12312.0016805.0018735.0023430.0024850.0025630.000.0626840.00
Somalia23278.0023030.0024848.0027147.0025710.0025880.000.0626040.00
Zimbabwe33460.0029240.0031330.0026590.0024780.0025930.000.0626040.00
Guatemala11630.0015540.0019410.0021850.0024700.0024940.000.0625360.00
Bahrain15315.2015904.0018940.0020879.0024410.0025141.000.0625143.00
Burkina Faso11023.0013550.0013970.0019380.0023750.0024350.000.0524870.00
Lebanon7689.0016613.0017519.0019211.0023415.0023843.000.0524259.00
Estonia42470.0020415.0018816.0021328.0022196.0023856.000.0523972.00
Lithuania48080.0022800.0019870.0022760.0022560.0023430.000.0523800.00
Slovenia21990.0020900.0021060.0023210.0022276.0022003.000.0521696.00
Cote d'Ivoire10050.0012390.0016620.0017760.0019030.0019750.000.0520920.00
Chad10169.0011397.0013463.0016800.0019690.0020120.000.0520560.00
Zambia15620.0014720.0015540.0016770.0018670.0019260.000.0420130.00
Senegal9750.0011100.0013470.0015830.0018630.0019340.000.0419490.00
Mozambique8190.009460.0010840.0014090.0016810.0017840.000.0419480.00
Honduras8700.0010570.0011850.0016640.0017570.0017760.000.0418100.00
Panama6912.008800.009456.0012020.0014210.0014870.000.0315570.00
Nicaragua9990.0010310.0012810.0013950.0015200.0015180.000.0315500.00
Guinea6970.008130.009450.0011820.0014430.0014550.000.0315400.00
Lao People's Democratic Republic (the)8830.009280.009900.0011010.0013920.0014200.000.0315190.00
Kyrgyzstan32800.0010610.0010480.0010000.0011990.0012330.000.0314510.00
Congo (the)11005.0012064.0015091.0014246.0015815.0013954.000.0313756.00
Haiti6341.007120.008450.0011460.0012560.0013090.000.0313180.00
Costa Rica9010.0010330.0010000.0011110.0012430.0012840.000.0312910.00
Brunei Darussalam7227.309268.109946.0010152.0012673.0013055.000.0312696.00
Gabon28830.0022445.0018510.0017846.0014312.0012904.000.0312554.00
Macedonia (the former Yugoslav Republic of)13736.0011046.0011264.0011884.0011704.0012740.000.0312283.00
Benin3930.004354.006200.008300.0011510.0011910.000.0312260.00
Georgia41550.0013390.0010690.0010150.0010760.0011840.000.0312030.00
Latvia28380.0013740.0010780.0011660.0012390.0011580.000.0311700.00
El Salvador6990.009420.0010200.0011670.0011280.0011050.000.0311540.00
Luxembourg12639.009801.009645.0012995.0012029.0011913.000.0311488.00
Tajikistan17940.007950.007106.008610.0010740.0010950.000.0311380.00
Mauritania6038.006710.008750.0010200.0010760.0011020.000.0211190.00
Moldova (the Republic of)37830.0016620.009570.0011212.0010873.0011036.000.0210840.00
Botswana8930.009240.0010250.009520.0011060.0010420.000.0210730.00
Jamaica9570.0011151.0012828.0013201.0010011.0010499.000.0210445.00
Malawi5059.005322.006130.007750.009700.0010000.000.0210170.00
Central African Republic (the)4797.005870.006831.007899.009109.009798.000.029913.00
Papua New Guinea4190.004302.005546.008610.009013.009605.000.029808.00
Namibia5769.006600.007850.009660.009120.009210.000.029430.00
Cyprus5899.007249.008741.009780.009922.009604.000.029268.00
Albania11150.006583.007244.008167.007689.007954.000.027717.00
Armenia23731.005722.005710.007004.006849.007472.000.027521.00
Togo3297.003323.004775.005311.006406.007009.000.026893.00
Rwanda3168.002949.004049.005211.006640.006650.000.016720.00
Curacao2792.602808.405846.206260.905042.306627.200.016617.50
Sierra Leone3649.003238.003157.004767.005599.005901.000.015993.00
Burundi3025.003274.003052.004366.005451.005724.000.015937.00
Equatorial Guinea202.405695.707923.6010114.309234.309104.100.015849.80
Eritrea3135.004386.005307.005346.005544.005679.000.015766.00
Guyana4004.004890.005320.005200.005660.005680.000.015700.00
Iceland3195.003282.003731.004015.004569.004458.000.014496.00
Bahamas (the)2778.102817.802608.403046.903742.004062.000.014075.00
Mauritius1457.001308.002041.002827.003520.003637.000.013652.00
Puerto Rico3938.003702.003865.003751.003364.003371.000.013371.00
Suriname2564.002515.002501.002564.002821.003005.000.013011.00
Liberia1518.001207.001820.002277.002785.002876.000.012934.00
Macao792.14878.301511.702279.202525.602728.900.012766.40
Guadeloupe1710.401861.802259.002395.002699.002694.000.012704.00
Malta2516.702599.202342.702977.002761.902774.800.012675.40
Martinique1923.002143.302004.802242.002509.002660.000.012670.00
Fiji1757.001940.001766.002140.002453.002530.000.012575.00
Djibouti1588.001348.001659.001963.002373.002440.000.012448.00
Lesotho1891.001999.002293.002363.002363.002384.000.012414.00
Timor-Leste595.00889.101484.001683.002394.002433.000.012404.00
Swaziland2128.002019.002228.002417.002334.002373.000.012401.00
Bhutan1605.001715.001462.001647.002164.002367.000.012386.00
Guinea-Bissau1272.001406.001565.001669.002132.002197.000.002229.00
New Caledonia1264.301281.501780.002245.001987.302111.000.002138.00
Reunion850.00876.001226.001401.001587.001608.000.001649.00
Gambia (the)873.00969.001064.001311.001727.001544.000.001586.00
Barbados1170.001106.601409.801368.201446.501535.400.001515.40
French Guiana778.501018.20973.601143.601369.601404.100.001425.40
Belize759.80731.20973.001097.001335.001332.000.001341.00
Maldives91.00207.60326.50595.40888.20964.100.001005.20
French Polynesia592.90490.10611.40811.20859.70916.200.00937.30
Western Sahara478.80459.50533.60606.60684.00697.200.00701.30
Solomon Islands550.10437.30499.00544.00637.00660.000.00679.00
Saint Lucia302.70367.00455.10497.10570.40605.400.00608.60
Vanuatu417.40461.80480.10476.30569.30593.000.00604.00
Bermuda574.10449.60473.30511.10536.10586.400.00587.40
Seychelles239.70152.00237.60388.20550.50574.000.00574.70
Grenada184.09207.50487.90465.20574.70538.600.00540.70
Gibraltar162.27306.19362.97433.79505.00485.670.00491.97
Comoros (the)267.30292.20320.00366.60448.70465.100.00473.50
Antigua and Barbuda304.60322.50346.10377.10425.00448.200.00450.70
Cabo Verde192.60239.90282.80327.90405.50413.300.00420.00
Cayman Islands (the)250.36278.34267.66310.68369.00391.400.00392.90
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines197.10237.50305.80318.90358.10369.500.00370.00
Samoa265.70266.90307.70308.90313.30322.500.00326.60
Aruba448.48533.96259.68242.91325.00289.880.00290.81
Tonga143.70166.10275.40247.00279.10281.100.00282.90
Greenland200.36212.87224.89238.15245.44245.560.00245.57
Dominica153.10160.30192.70196.70219.20226.800.00228.70
Saint Kitts and Nevis117.86144.30188.00181.50203.20201.200.00202.20
Falkland Islands (the) [Malvinas]180.80178.40169.60173.40181.60186.000.00186.00
Sao Tome and Principe63.4859.7988.43100.41118.26122.050.00123.80
Virgin Islands (British)59.6861.7570.1380.9399.48100.060.00100.57
Kiribati40.3444.7455.2157.3768.6772.050.0074.31
Turks and Caicos Islands (the)11.1721.4532.4948.1871.4771.670.0072.68
Cook Islands (the)15.9621.7837.4731.2936.4136.340.0035.84
Palau11.7216.1133.9929.2334.8634.880.0034.30
Anguilla8.6919.5918.8218.3029.1231.200.0031.24
Faroe Islands (the)31.2730.7931.2031.4931.5629.870.0029.88
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha13.518.5613.9912.6114.6814.060.0014.25
Saint Pierre and Miquelon6.927.3010.4310.1710.9710.970.0011.05

References

- Janssens-Maenhout, G., Crippa, M., Guizzardi, D., Muntean, M., Schaaf, E., Dentener, F., Bergamaschi, P., Pagliari, V., Olivier, J.G.J., Peters, J.A.H.W., van Aardenne, J.A., Monni, S., Doering, U., Petrescu, A.M.R. (2017) EDGARv4.3.2 Global Atlas of the three major Greenhouse Gas Emissions for the period 1970-2012, Earth Syst. Sci. Data Discuss., https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-2017-79, in review, 2017.
- Janssens-Maenhout, G., Crippa, M., Guizzardi, D., Muntean, M., Schaaf, E., Olivier, J.G.J., Peters, J.A.H.W., Schure, K.M., Fossil CO2 and GHG emissions of all world countries, EUR 28766 EN,Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2017, ISBN 978-92-79-73207-2, doi:10.2760/709792, JRC107877.
- Olivier JGJ, Schure KM, and Peters JAHW. (2017). Trends in global CO2 and total greenhouse gas emissions. 2017 Report. PBL, The Hague. In prep. Internet: http://www.pbl.nl/en/trends-in-global-co2-emissions.

  For more information or data JRC-EDGAR@ec.europa.eu