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22-02-2019
Macro-regions of Europe: Identifying key priorities in support to the EU Macro-regional Strategies implementation: An ex-ante assessment for the Adriatic-Ionian and Alpine regions focusing on clean growth in transport and bioenergy

In the last half a century, air quality has significantly improved in Europe thanks to the adoption of more and more stringent regulations and the deployment of appropriate technologies. Nevertheless, significant room for improvement remains as far as some sectors and some geographical areas are concerned. This report focuses on two sectors, transport and domestic biomass burning, and two geographical areas: the Adriatic-Ionian and Alpine regions with the aim to contribute to policy design in these selected macro-regions driving the attention on air pollution and its causes. Firstly, we analysed how different sectors contribute to air pollution in these two macro-regions and to predict future pollution levels under different emission scenarios such as Current Legislation, Maximum Technically Feasible Reduction, and Climate Mitigation by using the TM5-FASST air quality and impact model. Further, the experts in the transport and bioenergy sectors from these regions have pointed several areas of improvement and highlighted the opportunities. The JRC acted as a facilitator for knowledge and expertise sharing/exchange between countries; two workshops were organized to identify priorities and efficient practices in both macro-regions. The aim was to encourage the sharing of knowledge, which could support countries in their efforts to apply suitable/best practices and consequently reduce the disparities related to knowledge and research capacities and close the gap between potential and achievable emission reductions.
How to cite this report: Muntean, M. et al., Identifying key priorities in support to the EU Macro-regional Strategies implementation – An ex-ante assessment for the Adriatic-Ionian and Alpine regions focusing on clean growth in transport and bioenergy, European Commission, Ispra, 2019, JRC110395..

16-01-2019
Fossil CO2 emissions of all world countries, 2018 Report.

Part of the Paris Agreement is the transparency framework to be implemented bottom-up based on the national greenhouse gas (GHG) emission inventories reported to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) by all Parties. The European Commission’s in-house Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) estimates anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions on a country-by-country basis thereby contributing to enhanced transparency and completing the global picture with time series for each country.
Fossil CO2 emissions from 1970 to 2017 are included in the latest version of EDGAR, EDGARv5.0; this report gives an overview of country-by-country fossil CO2 emissions from 1990-2017.
The dataset (EDGARv5.0_FT) shows that global anthropogenic fossil CO2 emissions increased by 0.4% in 2016 compared to 2015 and a further 1.2% in 2017 compared to 2016 reaching 37.1 Gt CO2. The increase in 2016 can be largely attributed to 2016 being a leap year. While fossil CO2 emissions from the United States fell by 0.8% in 2017 compared to 2016, emissions from China and the European Union (EU28) increased by 0.9% and 1.1% respectively. EU28 emissions reached 3.5 Gt CO2 in 2017, but overall have fallen 0.9% over the past 5 years and are 19.5% lower than in 1990. Since 2015, the EU28 share of global fossil CO2 emissions has remained constant at 9.6% equivalent to 7 tonnes CO2/cap/yr.
For full documentation we refer to: Muntean, M., Guizzardi, D., Schaaf, E., Crippa, M., Solazzo, E., Olivier, J.G.J., Vignati, E. Fossil CO2 emissions of all world countries - 2018 Report, EUR 29433 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2018, ISBN 978-92-79-97240-9, doi:10.2760/30158, JRC113738.


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26-10-2018
Gridded emissions of air pollutants for the period 1970–2012 within EDGAR v4.3.2

The new version of the Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR v4.3.2) compiles gaseous and particulate air pollutant emissions, making use of the same anthropogenic sectors, time period (1970–2012), and international activity data used for estimating the EDGAR v4.3.2 GHG emissions. All human activities, except large scale biomass burning and land use, land-use change, and forestry are included in the emissions calculation. In addition to the activity data used to estimate GHG emissions, air pollutant emissions are determined by the process technology and end-of-pipe emission reduction abatements. Region-specific emission factors and abatement measures were selected from recent available scientific literature and reports. A scientific publication describing this dataset and its applications is now available in the journal Earth System Science Data Crippa, M., Guizzardi, D., Muntean, M., Schaaf, E., Dentener, F., van Aardenne, J. A., Monni, S., Doering, U., Olivier, J. G. J., Pagliari, V., and Janssens-Maenhout, G.: Gridded emissions of air pollutants for the period 1970–2012 within EDGAR v4.3.2, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 1987-2013, https://doi.org/10.5194/essd-10-1987-2018, 2018..


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02-05-2018
Evaluating EDGARv4.tox2 speciated mercury emissions ex-post scenarios and their impacts on modelled global and regional wet deposition patterns

The EDGAR Team updated the global mercury emission inventory, which is included in EDGARv4.tox2; three different forms of mercury have been distinguished: gaseous elemental mercury, gaseous oxidized mercury and particle bound mercury. The paper “Evaluating EDGARv4.tox2 speciated mercury emissions ex-post scenarios and their impacts on modelled global and regional wet deposition patterns” published open access in Atmospheric Environment (https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231018302425), describes the emissions inventory (see section A). Three retrospective emissions scenarios were also developed and evaluated with the GEOS-Chem 3-D mercury model in order to explore the influence of speciation shifts, to reactive mercury forms in particular, on regional wet deposition patterns (see section B).


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12-12-2017
An Operational Anthropogenic CO2 emissions Monitoring & Verification Support Capacity, by B. Pinty, G. Janssens-Maenhout, M. Dowell, H. Zunker, T. Brunhes, P. Ciais, D. Dee, H.A.C. Denier van der Gon, H. Dolman, M. Drinkwater, R. Engelen, M. Heimann, K. Holmlund, R. Husband, A. Kentarchos, Y. Meijer, P. Palmer, with maps provided by D. Guizzardi, S. Jonkers and J. Kuenen and reviewed by F. Chevallier, Y. Wang, G. Balsamo, D. Crisp, S. Eggleston, D. Terblanche, P. Rayner, J. van Aardenne.

This DG GROW - JRC report serves as a first step in defining and developing a European operational capacity for monitoring and verifying anthropogenic CO2 emissions with atmospheric observations of in-situ or space-born measurements making use of an atmospheric model. The report provides an insight into the underpinning requirements and foundational building blocks required and into the responsibility and long-term commitment in building this system for the greater benefit of European and international community. The system would provide European policy makers with a unique and independent source of actionable information, which would strengthen the role of the EU as global player in climate negotiations, helping to verify the five-yearly global stocktakes, which the Paris Agreement plans from 2023 onwards.

More information on: http://copernicus.eu/news/report-operational-anthropogenic-co2-emissions-monitoring
Download the report: CO2 Monitoring and Verification Support Capacity

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