EDGAR - What's new
Further slowdown in the increase in global CO2 emissions in 2013.
JRC report 93171 / PBL report 1490; ISBN 978-94-91506-87-1 December 2014
2013 saw a further slowdown in the increase in global CO2 emissions from fossil fuel use and cement production that started in 2012. The emissions grew with only 0.7 billion tonnes (Gt) CO2 in 2013 to the new record of 35.3 Gt CO2. The global CO2 increased at a notably slower rate (2%) than on average in the last ten years (3.8% per year since 2003, excluding the credit crunch years). This signals a partial decoupling of global emissions and economic growth, which reflects mainly the lower emissions growth rate of China and which is also in line with a growing share of the service sector at the expense of more energy-intensive industries for the middle and high-income countries. China, the USA and the EU remain the top-3 emitters of CO2, accounting for respectively 29%, 15% and 11% of the world’s total. After years of a steady decline, the CO2 emissions of the United States grew by 2.5% in 2013, whereas in the EU emissions continued to decrease, by 1.4% in 2013. Per capita CO2 emissions of China and EU are currently both at a similar level, which is 50% above the global average but still about half the per capita CO2 of the United States.
More info can be found in the CO2 report 2014.
Timeseries can be downloaded from CO2 time series 1990-2013 per region/country and CO2 time series 1990-2013 per capita for world countries and CO2 emissions per GDP for each country 1990-2013.
Training-Workshop: From polluting human activities to emission gridmaps using the Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR)
10-11 November 2014, JRC-IES, Ispra(VA), ITALY
More info at Gridding Training
Trend analysis from 1970 to 2008 and model evaluation of EDGARv4 global gridded anthropogenic mercury emissions
The global mercury emission inventory EDGARv4.tox1 includes time series from 1970 to 2008 for gaseous elemental mercury (Hg0), gaseous oxidised mercury (Hg2+) and particle bound mercury (Hg-P). Human activities represented in this emission inventory include the metal and chlor-alkali industries, cement production, waste incineration, and combustion in power generation, manufacturing industries and residential activities, which correspond to the key mercury emitting sectors.
The new dataset can be downloaded from http://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/edgar_v4tox1/index.php
Extended documentation on this emission inventory and results on the evaluation using GEOS-Chem model are presented in the “Trend analysis from 1970 to 2008 and model evaluation of EDGARv4 global gridded anthropogenic mercury emissions” paper (http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969714008572).
Slowdown in the increase in global CO2 emissions in 2012.
PBL / JRC report 83593; EUR 26098 EN; ISBN 978-94-91506-51-2
Actual global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) reached 34.5 billion ton in 2012, which means a relative increase in 2012 compared to 2011 of only 1.1% - less than half of the average annual increase of 2.9% over the last decade. This is remarkable, as the global economy grew by 3.5% in 2012 compared to 2011. This development signals a shift towards less fossil-fuel intensive activities, more use of renewable energy and increased energy saving. Increases in fossil-fuel consumption in 2012 were 2.2% for natural gas (with US today's world's largest gas producer), 0.9% for oil products, and 0.6% for coal (with China still largest coal consumer) compared to 2011. Increases in coal consumption in Europe of 3% is observed in 2012 compared to 2011 (mainly caused by Spain, the United Kingdom and Germany), which indicates that coal with relative low prices (especially from cheap USA coal import) backs up the intermittent renewables, also compensating the reduced share of nuclear. The share of the 'new' renewable energy sources solar, wind and biofuel increased with accelerating speed: it took 15 years from 1992 for the share to double from 0.5% to 1.1%, but only 6 more years to do so again, to 2.4% in 2012.
This might indicate that a further slowdown in the increase in global CO2 emissions, is achievable if (a) China achieves its own target of a maximum level of energy consumption by 2015 and its shift to gas with a natural gas share of 10% by 2020; (b) the United States continues a shift its energy mix towards more gas and renewable energy; and (c) in the European Union, Member States agree on restoring the effectiveness of the EU Emissions Trading System to further reduce actual emissions.
More info can be found in the CO2 report 2013
With corrigendum: Errata
The Covenant of Mayors in Figures, 5-Year Assessment
JRC Reference report: JRC81785
EUR - Scientific and Technical Research series: EUR 25992 EN
After almost five years of activity, preliminary results of the projects may be highlighted. Up to mid-March 2013, 5 049 municipalities signed the Covenant of Mayors (CoM), for a total of 160 million inhabitants in the EU-27 (corresponding to more than 43 % of the EU-27 urban population) and a total of 187 million inhabitants in the whole project (corresponding to 34 % of the urban population of the participating 47 countries). Furthermore, 24 municipalities with more than 1 million inhabitants signed the CoM. Among these signatories, 2 600 had already submitted a Sustainable Energy Action Plan and a corresponding Baseline Emission Inventory, resulting in 1 100 accepted Action Plans, covering 45 328 879 inhabitants. Although the minimum commitment was to reduce 20 % of the current emissions, 699 signatories committed to reduce more than the threshold, resulting in an estimated emission reduction in 2020 of 97±2 KtCO2-eq.
The CoM appeared very popular in southern European countries. As such, the total CoM emissions of the signatories in Spain and Italy are approaching the national total of CoM sectors for Italy, according to EDGAR estimates. In northern European countries, the CoM could gain some more popularity. Even though in some countries, such as Spain and Italy, publicity for the CoM paid off and many signatories were registered, real greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions are only starting. Many efforts and more engagement will be needed by the mayors to realise the reduction targets. The implementation of several GHG reduction measures takes time, depending on the measure. However, with the extension of the CoM eastwards (into the Newly Independent States) and southwards (into the North African countries around the Mediterranean Sea) the EU-27 should be a representative example.
The online version of the report can be downloaded [here]
The mission of the JRC is to provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies. As a service of the European Commission, the JRC functions as a reference centre of science and technology for the Union. Close to the policy-making process, it serves the common interest of the Member States, while being independent of special interests, whether private or national.