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25-11-2015
Stagnation of the global CO2 emissions in 2014.
JRC report 98184 / PBL report 1803 November 2015


Are global CO2 emissions still rising? Yes, but after slowing down for two years, their increase almost stalled in 2014. In fact, the emissions from fossil fuel combustion and from industrial processes totalled to 35.7 billion tonnes CO2, showing only a 0.5% increase in 2014 compared to 2013. At the same time the world’s economy grew with 3%, showing a partial decoupling between the growth of global CO2 emissions and that of the economy. In 2014, per capita primary energy consumption decreased compared to the previous year, for the first time since 1998, if the recession year of 2009 is excluded. The mild winter considerably helped to limit fossil fuel demand for space heating, particularly in Europe. To the top 4 emitters belong China (29.6%), the United States (15.0%), the European Union (EU28) (9.6%) and India (6.5%), of which only India is showing a considerable increase in CO2 emissions of 7.8% in 2014 compared to 2013. China and USA both showed only a very small increase of 0.9% in 2014 compared to 2013 whereas EU28 showed even a reduction of 5.4%. It should be noted that the quality of the emissions estimate depends strongly on large emitters, such as China, who revised this year its coal statistics with increases of 7-13%, which implies 6-11% higher CO2 emissions for the period 2000-2013.

More info can be found in the CO2 report 2015.
With corrigendum: Errata
 

Timeseries can be downloaded from CO2 time series 1990-2014 per region/country and CO2 time series 1990-2014 per capita for world countries and CO2 emissions per GDP for each country 1990-2014.
CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel use and cement production in the top 5 emitting countries and the EU

26-10-2015
The Under Two Degrees Memorandum of Understanding
signed by the Ministries of Environment for the regions Lombardy, Sardinia, Baden-Wuerttemberg, South-Holland and California


The Joint Research Centre was invited for a keynote lecture and support to DG CLIMA, DG ENER and DG GROW at global scale with the global emissions database EDGAR as well as at local scale with the Covenant of Mayors Project was presented.

Presentation: "Road to Paris 2015 climate talks with cities thinking globally, acting locally: JRC Contributions to European Commission support"

23-10-2015
Towards a European Operational Observing System to Monitor Fossil CO2 emissions,
by P. Ciais, D. Crisp, H.A.C. Denier van der Gon, R. Engelen, M. Heimann, G. Janssens-Maenhout, P. Rayner, M. Scholze, reviewed by P. Bergamaschi, M. Dowell, G. Broquet, F. Chevallier, B. Pinty, H. Zunker


This DG GROW - JRC report, about a European CO2 Space programme under the Copernicus framework, provides a vision and a strategy for a European integrated observation system dedicated to the monitoring of fossil CO2 emissions using independent atmospheric observations. The construction and operation of this system proposed under the Copernicus programme comprises: (1) Atmospheric CO2 measurements obtained from dedicated space-borne sensors, complemented by in-situ networks, which together allow for the separation of fossil CO2 emissions from natural fluxes, (2) The operational provision of bottom-up fossil CO2 emission maps, at high spatial and temporal resolution, and near-real-time updates, (3) An operational data-assimilation system, which will integrate atmospheric measurements with bottom-up information into consistent and accurate estimates of fossil CO2 emissions and their trends. This report identifies current and future scientific and technical capacities that could enable such an observation system, with operational and internationally coordinated capabilities likely to be available in the 2030s. The system would provide European policy makers with a unique and independent source of actionable information, which would strengthen the role of the EU as global player in climate negotiations. As a follow-up to the European Parliament's resolution of 15 October 2015 on the use of space-based assets for monitoring trends in GHG emissions, this report gives Member State Representatives a scientific state-of-the-art overview and a robust proposal for an international greenhouse gas verification system based on data assimilation.

Download the report: CO2 space programme under Copernicus

21-10-2015
EDGAR modal shift working group: on "The impact of modal shift (ship/truck) in transport on air emissions: methodology development for the best use of the available information and expertise in the Danube region."
19-21 October 2015, JRC-IES, Ispra (VA), ITALY


More info at: Working Group on modal shift

16-12-2014
Further slowdown in the increase in global CO2 emissions in 2013.
JRC report 93171 / PBL report 1490; ISBN 978-94-91506-87-1 December 2014


2013 saw a further slowdown in the increase in global CO2 emissions from fossil fuel use and cement production that started in 2012. The emissions grew with only 0.7 billion tonnes (Gt) CO2 in 2013 to the new record of 35.3 Gt CO2. The global CO2 increased at a notably slower rate (2%) than on average in the last ten years (3.8% per year since 2003, excluding the credit crunch years). This signals a partial decoupling of global emissions and economic growth, which reflects mainly the lower emissions growth rate of China and which is also in line with a growing share of the service sector at the expense of more energy-intensive industries for the middle and high-income countries. China, the USA and the EU remain the top-3 emitters of CO2, accounting for respectively 29%, 15% and 11% of the world’s total. After years of a steady decline, the CO2 emissions of the United States grew by 2.5% in 2013, whereas in the EU emissions continued to decrease, by 1.4% in 2013. Per capita CO2 emissions of China and EU are currently both at a similar level, which is 50% above the global average but still about half the per capita CO2 of the United States.

More info can be found in the CO2 report 2014.
Timeseries can be downloaded from CO2 time series 1990-2013 per region/country and CO2 time series 1990-2013 per capita for world countries and CO2 emissions per GDP for each country 1990-2013.

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