EDGAR aims to inform scientists and policy makers on the evolution of the emission inventories over time for all world countries and to provide the scientific community 0.1degX0.1deg gridmaps representing the emissions sources.
EDGAR contributed to research projects with advice on emission gridmaps and timeseries.
Slowdown in the increase in global CO2 emissions in 2012.
PBL / JRC report 83593; EUR 26098 EN; ISBN 978-94-91506-51-2
Actual global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) reached 34.5 billion ton in 2012, which means a relative increase in 2012 compared to 2011 of only 1.1% - less than half of the average annual increase of 2.9% over the last decade. This is remarkable, as the global economy grew by 3.5% in 2012 compared to 2011. This development signals a shift towards less fossil-fuel intensive activities, more use of renewable energy and increased energy saving. Increases in fossil-fuel consumption in 2012 were 2.2% for natural gas (with US today's world's largest gas producer), 0.9% for oil products, and 0.6% for coal (with China still largest coal consumer) compared to 2011. Increases in coal consumption in Europe of 3% is observed in 2012 compared to 2011 (mainly caused by Spain, the United Kingdom and Germany), which indicates that coal with relative low prices (especially from cheap USA coal import) backs up the intermittent renewables, also compensating the reduced share of nuclear. The share of the 'new' renewable energy sources solar, wind and biofuel increased with accelerating speed: it took 15 years from 1992 for the share to double from 0.5% to 1.1%, but only 6 more years to do so again, to 2.4% in 2012.
This might indicate that a further slowdown in the increase in global CO2 emissions, is achievable if (a) China achieves its own target of a maximum level of energy consumption by 2015 and its shift to gas with a natural gas share of 10% by 2020; (b) the United States continues a shift its energy mix towards more gas and renewable energy; and (c) in the European Union, Member States agree on restoring the effectiveness of the EU Emissions Trading System to further reduce actual emissions.
More info can be found in the CO2 report 2013
With corrigendum: Errata
The Covenant of Mayors in Figures, 5-Year Assessment
JRC Reference report: JRC81785
EUR - Scientific and Technical Research series: EUR 25992 EN
After almost five years of activity, preliminary results of the projects may be highlighted. Up to mid-March 2013, 5 049 municipalities signed the Covenant of Mayors (CoM), for a total of 160 million inhabitants in the EU-27 (corresponding to more than 43 % of the EU-27 urban population) and a total of 187 million inhabitants in the whole project (corresponding to 34 % of the urban population of the participating 47 countries). Furthermore, 24 municipalities with more than 1 million inhabitants signed the CoM. Among these signatories, 2 600 had already submitted a Sustainable Energy Action Plan and a corresponding Baseline Emission Inventory, resulting in 1 100 accepted Action Plans, covering 45 328 879 inhabitants. Although the minimum commitment was to reduce 20 % of the current emissions, 699 signatories committed to reduce more than the threshold, resulting in an estimated emission reduction in 2020 of 97±2 KtCO2-eq.
The CoM appeared very popular in southern European countries. As such, the total CoM emissions of the signatories in Spain and Italy are approaching the national total of CoM sectors for Italy, according to EDGAR estimates. In northern European countries, the CoM could gain some more popularity. Even though in some countries, such as Spain and Italy, publicity for the CoM paid off and many signatories were registered, real greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions are only starting. Many efforts and more engagement will be needed by the mayors to realise the reduction targets. The implementation of several GHG reduction measures takes time, depending on the measure. However, with the extension of the CoM eastwards (into the Newly Independent States) and southwards (into the North African countries around the Mediterranean Sea) the EU-27 should be a representative example.
The online version of the report can be downloaded [here]
Press releases JRC-PBL: Trends in global CO2 emissions until 2011.
Global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) - the main cause of global warming - increased by 3% last year, reaching an all-time high of 34 billion tonnes in 2011. In China, the world's most populous country, average emissions of CO2 increased by 9% to 7.2 tonnes per capita. China is now within the range of 6 to 19 tonnes per capita emissions of the major industrialized countries. In the European Union, CO2 emissions dropped by 3% to 7.5 tonnes per capita. The United States remain one of the largest emitters of CO2, with 17.3 tonnes per capita, despite a decline due to the recession in 2008-09, high oil prices and an increased share of natural gas. An estimated cumulative global total of 420 billion tonnes of CO2 has been emitted between 2000 and 2011 due to human activities, including deforestation. Limiting the rise in average global temperature to 2°C above pre-industrial levels - the target internationally adopted in UN climate negotiations - would be possible only if cumulative CO2 emissions in the period 2000-2050 do not exceed 1 000 to 1 500 billion tonnes. If the current global trend of increasing CO2 emissions continues, cumulative emissions will surpass this limit within the next two decades.
More info in the press release and the background study (Trends in global CO2 emissions).
A ranking of the CO2 or CO2 per capita for regions/countries are given in the tables CO2 1990-2011 respectively CO2 per capita 1990-2011.
The correct emissions for South Korea are available in Table A1.2 on page 28, but are mistaken in fig. 2.2.
The correct unit for Figure 2.4 on page 14 is kg CO2 / 1000 USD (of 2005) (PPP adjusted).
EDGAR v4.2 release
The new version v4.2 of the global EDGAR emissions inventory covers all greenhouse gases included in the Kyoto Protocol (i.e. carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide and the fluorinated gases), ozone precursor gases, and acidifying air pollutants per source category at country level, and gridded with 0.1 deg by 0.1 deg resolution, for the time period from 1970 to 2008.
[ Go to dataset ]
Press releases JRC-PBL: Global CO2 emission trend until 2010.
Global CO2 emission trends from 1970 till 2010 are analysed and the status with regard to the Kyoto Protocol target evaluated. It is concluded that the industrialised countries, although individually showing widely variable emission trends, collectively emitted 7.5% less CO2 in 2010 than in 1990. But their impact on the global picture is increasingly limited, with their share of CO2 emissions having dropped from about two thirds to less than half of the global total since 1990. Increased energy end-use efficiency, nuclear energy and the growing contribution from renewable energy cannot compensate for the globally increasing demand for power and transport, which is strongest in developing countries.
More info in the press release and the background study (long_term_CO2_emission_trend).