Peer reviewed books and reports


United Nations Environment Programme (2020). Emissions Gap Report 2020. Nairobi. Contribution to chapter 2: Global emissions trends and G20 status and outlook. doi:20.500.11822/34428

Crippa, M., Guizzardi, D., Muntean, M., Schaaf, E., Solazzo, E., Monforti-Ferrario, F., Olivier, J.G.J., Vignati, E., Fossil CO2 emissions of all world countries - 2020 Report, EUR 30358 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2020, ISBN 978-92-76-21515-8, doi:10.2760/143674, JRC121460.


Crippa, M., Oreggioni, G., Guizzardi, D., Muntean, M., Schaaf, E., Lo Vullo, E., Solazzo, E., Monforti-Ferrario, F., Olivier, J.G.J., Vignati, E., Fossil CO2 and GHG emissions of all world countries - 2019 Report, EUR 29849 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2019, ISBN 978-92-76-11100-9, doi:10.2760/687800, JRC117610.

Contribution to: European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Atlas of the Human Planet 2019 - A compendium of urbanisation dynamics in 239 countries, EUR30010, European Commission,Luxembourg, 2020, ISBN 978-92-76-17418-9, doi:10.2760/014159, JRC118979.


Muntean, M., Guizzardi, D., Schaaf, E., Crippa, M., Solazzo, E., Olivier, J.G.J., Vignati, E. Fossil CO2 emissions of all world countries - 2018 Report, EUR 29433 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2018, ISBN 978-92-79-97240-9, doi:10.2760/30158, JRC113738.

European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Atlas of the Human Planet 2018 - A World of Cities, EUR 29497 EN, European Commission, Luxembourg , 2018, ISBN 978-92-79-9818 5-2, doi:10.2760/124503, JRC 114316.

Crippa M., Guizzardi, D., Olivier J.: C02 emissions from fossil fuel combustion: 2018 edition: Part iii : Total greenhouse gas emissions. lnternational Energy Agency (OECD), 2018. ISBN 978-92-64-27819-6.

Contribution to: World Bank; Ecofys. 2018. State and Trends of Carbon Pricing 2018. Washington, DC: World Bank. © World Bank. License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.

Kuramochi, T., Den Elzen, M., Levin, K., Peters, G., Blanco, G., Cantzler, J., Hans, F., Koberle, A., Luna, L., Mathur, R., Muntean, M., Olivier, J., Villarreal Padilla, J., Rich, D., Sha, F. and Soest Van, H., Chapter 2: Trends and progress towards the Cancun pledges, NDC targets and peaking of emissions, 2018, ISBN 978-92-807-3726-4 (online), p. 3-15, JRC114237.


Janssens-Maenhout, G., Crippa, M., Guizzardi, D., Muntean, M., Schaaf, E., Olivier,J.G.J., Peters, J.A.H.W., Schure, K.M., Fossil CO2 and GHG emissions of all world countries, EUR 28766 EN,Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2017, ISBN 978-92-79-73207-2, doi:10.2760/709792, JRC107877.

Contribution to chapter 5 of the: European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Science for the AU-EU Partnership: building knowledge for sustainable development, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2017, ISBN 978-92-79-69510-0, doi:10.2760/55224, JRC107753.

Janssens-Maenhout G., Crippa M., Olivier J.: C02 emissions from fossil fuel combustion: 2017 edition: Part lii: Total greenhouse gas emissions. lnternational Energy Agency (OECD), 2017. ISBN 978-92-64-27819-6.


CO2 report 2016: Olivier J, Janssens-Maenhout G, Muntean M, Peters J. Trends in global CO2 emissions: 2016 Report. European Commission; 2016. JRC103428,

UNEP Emissions Gap Report: Fransen T, den Elzen M, Kuramochi T, Janssens-Maenhout G, Olhoff A, Olivier J, Chapter 2 of The emission gap report 2016: Pre-2020 action: trends, progress and urgency. In: The Emission Gap Report 2016: a UNEP synthesis report. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP live); 2016. JRC103773


Olivier JGJ et al. (2015), Trends in global CO2 emissions; 2015 Report, The Hague: PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency; Ispra: European Commission, Joint Research Centre.

Olivier J, Janssens-Maenhout G. Part III: Total greenhouse gas emissions. CO2 EMISSIONS FROM FUEL COMBUSTION; Paris Cedex (France): International Energy Agency (OECD); 2015. p. 427-538. JRC99764

Copernicus CO2 report: Ciais P, Crisp D, Denier Van Der Gon H, Engelen R, Heimann M, Janssens-Maenhout G, Rayner P, Scholze M. Towards a European Operational Observing System to Monitor Fossil CO2 emissions.

Final Report from the expert group. European Commission; 2015. JRC98161

CO2 report 2015: Olivier J, Janssens-Maenhout G, Muntean M, Peters J. Trends in global CO2 emissions: 2015 Report. European Commission; 2015. JRC98184

AMAP chapter 5 CH4: Hoglund-Isaksson L, Thomson A, Kupiainen K, Rao S, Janssens-Maenhout G, authors. AMAP Assessment 2015: Methane as an Arctic climate forcer: Chapter 5: Anthropogenic methane sources, emissions and future projections. Arctic Monitoring and Assessment Programme; 2015. JRC99758.


CO2 report 2014: Olivier J, Janssens-Maenhout G, Peters J, Muntean M. Trends in Global CO2 Emissions: 2014 Report. European Commission and PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency; 2014. JRC93171, (over 100000 downloads)

IEA book part III GHG: Olivier J, Janssens-Maenhout G., CO2 Emissions from fuel combustion (2014 Edition): Part III: Total Greenhouse Gas Emissions. In: CO2 Emissions from fuel combustion. Paris (France): International Energy Agency; 2014. JRC94052

UNEP Emissions Gap Report: J. Rogelj, D. McCollum, S. Smith, K. Calvin, L. Clarke, A. Garg, K. Jiang, V. Krey, J. Lowe, K. Riahi, M. Schaeffer, D. van Vuuren, C. Wenying, M. Crippa, G. Janssens-Maenhout, Chapter 2 of The emission gap report 2014: What emission levels will comply with temperature limit. In: The emission gap report 2014: a UNEP synthesis report. United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP); 2014. JRC94229

Peer reviewed articles


Crippa, M., Solazzo, E., Guizzardi, D. et al. Climate goals require food systems emission inventories. Nat Food (2022). doi:10.1038/s43016-021-00450-2.


Crippa, M., Solazzo, E., Guizzardi, D. et al. Food systems are responsible for a third of global anthropogenic GHG emissions. Nat Food (2021). doi:10.1038/s43016-021-00225-9.

Dataset: Crippa, M., Solazzo, E., Guizzardi, D., Monforti-Ferrario, F., Tubiello, F.N. and Leip, A. EDGAR-FOOD data. Figshare, doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.13476666 (2021).


McDuffie, E. E., Smith, S. J., O'Rourke, P., Tibrewal, K., Venkataraman, C., Marais, E. A., Zheng, B., Crippa, M., Brauer, M., and Martin, R. V.: A global anthropogenic emission inventory of atmospheric pollutants from sector- and fuel-specific sources (1970-2017): an application of the Community Emissions Data System (CEDS), Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 12, 3413-3442, doi:10.5194/essd-12-3413-2020, 2020.

Crippa, M., Solazzo, E., Huang, G., Guizzardi, D., Koffi, E. N., Muntean, M., Schieberle, C., Friedrich, R. and Janssens-Maenhout , G.: Towards time varying emissions: development of high resolution temporal profiles in the Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research, Nat. Sci. Data, 2020. doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.12052887

Mulvaney, K., Selin, N.E., Giang, A.C.W., Muntean, M., Li, C., Zhang, D., Angot, H., Thackray, C. and Karplus, V.J., Mercury benefits of climate policy in China: Addressing the Paris Agreement and the Minamata Convention simultaneously, ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE and TECHNOLOGY, ISSN 0013-936X (online), 54 (3), 2020, p. 1326-1335, JRC114242. doi:10.1021/acs.est.9b06741


Janssens-Maenhout , G., Crippa, M., Guizzardi, D., Muntean, M., Schaaf , E., Dentener, F., Bergamaschi, P., Pag liari, V., Olivier, J., Peters, J., van Aardenne, J., Monni, 5., Doering, U., Petrescu , R., Solazzo, E., and Oreggioni, G.: EDGAR v4.3.2 Global Atlas of the three major Greenhouse Gas Emissions for the period 1970-2012, Earth Syst. Sci. Data , 11, 959-1002, doi:10.5194/essd-11-959-2019, 2019.

Crippa, M., Janssens-Maenhout, G., Guizzardi, D., Van Dingenen, R., and Dentener, F.: Contribution and uncertainty of sectorial and regional emissions to regional and global PM2.5 health impacts, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 19, 5165-5186, doi:10.5194/acp-19-5165-2019, 2019.


Crippa, M., Guizzardi, D., Muntean, M., Schaaf, E., Dentener, F., van Aa rdenne, J. A., Monni, 5., Doering, U., Olivier, J. G. J., Pagliari, V., and Janssens-Maenhout, G.: Gridded emissions of air pollutants for the period 1970-2012 within EDGAR v4.3.2, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 10, 1987-2013, doi:10.5194/essd-10-1987-2018, 2018.

Muntean, M., Janssens-Maenhout , G., Song, 5., Giang, A., Selin, N. E., Zhong, H., Zhao, Y., Olivier , J. G. J., Guiz zardi , D., Crippa, M., Schaaf, E., and Dentener , F.: Evaluating EDGARv4.tox2 speciated mercury emissions ex-post scenarios and their impacts on modelled global and regional wet deposition patterns, Atmospheric Environment, 184, 56-68, doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2018.04.017, 2018.

Giang, A., Song, S., Muntean, M., Janssens-Maenhout, G., Harvey, A., Berg, E. and Selin, N., Understanding factors influencing the detection of mercury policies in modelled Laurentian Great Lakes wet deposition, ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE-PROCESSES and IMPACTS, ISSN 2050-7887 (online), 20 (10), 2018, p. 1373-1389, JRC111996. doi:10.1039/C8EM00268A


Huang, G., Brook, R., Crippa, M., Janssens-Maenhout, G., Schieberle, C., Dore, C., Guizzardi, D., Muntean, M., Schaaf, E., and Friedrich, R.: Speciation of anthropogenic emissions of non-methane volatile organic compounds: a global gridded data set for 1970-2012, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 17, 7683-7701, doi:10.5194/acp-17-7683-2017, 2017.


Crippa, M., Janssens-Maenhout, G., Dentener, F., Guizzardi, D., Sindelarova, K., Muntean, M., Van Dingenen, R., and Granier, C.: Forty years of improvements in European air quality: regional policy-industry interactions with global impacts, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 3825-3841, doi:10.5194/acp-16-3825-2016, 2016.

Crippa, M., G. Janssens-Maenhout , D. Guizzardi and S. Galmarini : EU Effect: Exporting Emission Regulations through Global Market Economy, Journal of Environmental Management 183 , 959-97 1, doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2016.09.068, 2016.

Zhong H; Zhao Y; Muntean M; Zhang L; Zhang J. A high-resolution regional emission inventory of atmospheric mercury and its comparison with multi-scale inventories: a case study of Jiangsu, China. ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS 16 (23); 2016. p. 15119-15134. JRC105194. doi:10.5194/acp-16-15119-2016


Janssens-Maenhout, G., Crippa, M., Guizzardi, D., Dentener, F., Muntean, M., Pouliot, G., Keating, T., Zhang, Q., Kurokawa, J., Wankmüller, R., Denier van der Gon, H., Kuenen, J. J. P., Klimont, Z., Frost, G., Darras, S., Koffi, B., and Li, M.: HTAP_v2.2: a mosaic of regional and global emission grid maps for 2008 and 2010 to study hemispheric transport of air pollution, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 11411-11432, doi:10.5194/acp-15-11411-2015, 2015.

Paruolo P, Murphy B, Janssens-Maenhout G. Do emissions and income have a common trend A country-specific, time-series, global analysis, 1970-2008. STOCHASTIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND RISK ASSESSMENT 29 (1); 2015. p. 93-107. JRC91677


M. Muntean, G. Janssens-Maenhout, S. Song, N.E. Selin, J.G.J. Olivier, D. Guizzardi, R. Maas, F. Dentener, 2014, Trend analysis from 1970 to 2008 and model evaluation of EDGARv4 global gridded anthropogenic mercury emissions, Science of the Total Environment, Vol. 494-495, 1 Oct.2014, pp. 337-350 (doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2014.06.014)

Balsama, A., De Biase, L., Janssens-Maenhout, G., Pagliari, V., Near-term forecast of anthropogenic emission trends using neural networks, ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT 89; 2014. p. 581-592. JRC89307


Kurokawa, J., Ohara, T., Morikawa, T., Hanayama, S., Janssens-Maenhout, G., Fukui, T., Kawashima, K., and Akimoto, H.: Emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases over Asian regions during 2000-2008: Regional Emission inventory in ASia (REAS) version 2, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 11019-11058, doi:10.5194/acp-13-11019-2013, 2013

Frost GJ, Middleton P, Tarrason L, Granier C, Guenther A, Cardenas B, Denier van der Gon H, Janssens-Maenhout G, Kaiser JW, Keating T, Klimont Z, Lamarque J-F, Liousse C, Ohara T, Schultz MG, Skiba U, van Aardenne J, New directions: GEIA's 2020 vision for better air emissions information, Atmospheric Environment, 81:710-712, December 2013 doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2013.08.063

Braspenning-Radu O; Van Den Berg M; Klimont Z; Deetman S; Janssens-Maenhout G; Muntean M; Heyes C; Dentener F; Van Vuuren D. Exploring synergies between climate and air quality policies using long-term global and regional emission scenarios. ATMOSPHERIC ENVIRONMENT 140; 2013. p. 577-591. JRC84771. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2016.05.021


Pozzer, A. P. Zimmermann, U.M. Doering, J. van Aardenne, H. Tost, F. Dentener, G. Janssens-Maenhout, J. Lelieveld, Effects of Business-as-usual anthropogenic emissions on global air quality, ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS., 12, 6915-6937, doi:10.5194/acp-12-6915-2012, 2012

Petrescu,A.R.M. R. Abad-Vinas, G. Janssens-Maenhout, V. N. B. Blujdea, G. Grassi, Global estimates of carbon stock changes in living forest biomass: EDGARv4.3 - time series from 1990 to 2010, Biogeosciences, 9, 3437-3447, 2012 doi:10.5194/bg-9-3437-2012


Olivier J, Janssens-Maenhout G. Part III: Greenhouse-Gas Emissions. In: CO2 emissions from fuel combustion. Paris (France): International Energy Agency; 2011. p. III.1 - III.57. JRC67519 Olivier J, Janssens-Maenhout G, Peters J, Wilson J. Long Term Trend in Global CO2 Emissions. The Hague (Netherlands): PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency and European Commission Publications Office; 2011. JRC65918

Janssens-Maenhout G, Petrescu, A, Muntean M, Blujdea V. Verifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Methods to Support International Climate Agreements. GREENHOUSE GAS MEASUREMENT AND MANAGEMENT 1 (2); 2011. p.132-133. JRC67524


Application of EDGAR data: Gridded global emission scenarios of non-transport emissions combing EDGARv32-FT2000 and SRES emission scenarios as input to the QUANTIFY project: Hoor, P., Borken-Kleefeld, J., Caro, D., Dessens, O., Endresen, O., Gauss, M., Grewe, V., Hauglustaine, D., Isaksen, I. S. A., Jöckel, P., Lelieveld, J., Myhre, G., Meijer, E., Olivie, D., Prather, M., Schnadt Poberaj, C., Shine, K. P., Staehelin, J., Tang, Q., van Aardenne, J., van Velthoven, P., and Sausen, R.: The impact of traffic emissions on atmospheric ozone and OH: results from QUANTIFY, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9, 3113-3136, 2009. doi:10.5194/acp-9-3113-2009


EDGAR data on non-CO2 greenhouse gas as input to IEA report - CO2 emissions from fuel combustion 1971-2006. T. Pulles and J.A. van Aardenne (2008): Part III: Greenhouse gas emissions: 1. Shares and trends in greenhouse gas emissions; 2. Sources and Methods; Total greenhouse gas emissions. In: "CO2 emissions from fuel combustion 1971-2006", 2008 Edition, pp. III.1-III.47. International Energy Agency (IEA), Paris. ISBN 978-92-64-04238-4 (paper) (also available on CD ROM) (2008).

Evaluation of EDGAR data in representing emissions from megacities T.M. Butler, M.G. Lawrence, B.R. Gurjar, J. van Aardenne, M. Schultz, J. Lelieveld: The representation of emissions from megacities in global emission inventories, Atmospheric Environment, Volume 42, Issue 4, February 2008, Pages 703-719, ISSN 1352-2310, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.09.060.

Older publications

Olivier, J.G.J., Janssens-Maenhout, G., Muntean, M. Peters, J.H.A.W., Trends in global CO2 emissions - 2013 report, PBL / JRC report 83593; EUR 26098 EN; ISBN 978-94-91506-51-2, October 2013

European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC)/PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency. Emission Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR), release version 4.2., 2011

Description of EDGAR v32-FT2000:

Olivier, J.G.J., Van Aardenne, J.A., Dentener, F., Pagliari, V., Ganzeveld, L.N. and J.A.H.W. Peters (2005). Recent trends in global greenhouse gas emissions: regional trends 1970-2000 and spatial distribution of key sources in 2000. Env. Sc., 2 (2-3), 81-99. doi: 10.1080/15693430500400345.

Description EDGAR v3.2:

Olivier, J.G.J. and J.J.M. Berdowski (2001a) Global emissions sources and sinks. In: Berdowski, J., Guicherit, R. and B.J. Heij (eds.) "The Climate System", pp. 33-78. A.A. Balkema Publishers/Swets & Zeitlinger Publishers, Lisse, The Netherlands. ISBN 90 5809 255 0.

Olivier, J.G.J., J.J.M. Berdowski, J.A.H.W. Peters, J. Bakker, A.J.H. Visschedijk en J.-P.J. Bloos (2001b) Applications of EDGAR. Including a description of EDGAR 3.0: reference database with trend data for 1970-1995. RIVM, Bilthoven. RIVM report no. 773301 001/ NOP report no. 410200 051.

Description EDGAR-HYDE:

Van Aardenne, J.A., Dentener, F.J., Olivier, J.G.J., Klein Goldewijk, C.G.M. and J. Lelieveld (2001) A High Resolution Dataset of Historical Anthropogenic Trace Gas Emissions for the Period 1890-1990. Global Biogeochemical Cycles Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 15(4), 909-928.

Description EDGAR v2.0:

Olivier JGJ, Bouwman AF, Maas CWM van der, Berdowski JJM, Veldt C, Bloos JPJ, Visschedijk AJH, Zandveld PYJ, Haverlag JL (1996) Description of EDGAR Version 2.0: A set of global emission inventories of greenhouse gases and ozone-depleting substances for all anthropogenic and most natural sources on a per country basis and on 1 degree x 1 degree grid. RIVM, Bilthoven, RIVM Rapport 771060002.