The global GHG emissions trend has increased since the beginning of the 21st century in comparison to the three previous decades, mainly due to the increase in CO2 emissions from China and the other emerging economies. As a result, the atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases substantially increased enhancing the natural greenhouse effect, which may negatively affect the life on the Earth. These issues are internationally addressed in the framework of UNFCCC; countries are developing national emissions inventories and propose/implement actions to mitigate GHG emissions. CO2 emissions, which are the main responsible for global warming are still increasing at world level despite climate change mitigation agreements. However, CO2 emissions within the EU28 have decreased in the last two decades. Human related activities largely influence the total CO2 emissions – particularly, power generation and road transport but also emissions from combustion in the residential and commercial sectors play a key role. Despite decreasing trends for total EU28 CO2 emissions, CO2 emissions per capita within the EU28 are still higher than the world average value.
How to cite
How to cite this report: Muntean, M., Guizzardi, D., Schaaf, E., Crippa, M., Solazzo, E., Olivier, J.G.J., Vignati, E. Fossil CO2 emissions of all world countries - 2018 Report, EUR 29433 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2018, ISBN 978-92-79-97240-9, doi:10.2760/30158, JRC113738.
Fossil CO2 emissions by country
The data are presented in the table below for key years, to allow easy comparison of different countries.
"Country names" are consistent with the Interinstitutional Style Guide of the European Commission, the “Short name” definition listed in the "List of countries, territories and currencies" table has been used (as of 18/09/2018)
EDGAR data are expressed in metric units.
Sources and references
BP 2015-2017 data of the BP Statistical Review of World Energy, (June 2018) (https://www.bp.com/en/global/corporate/energy-economics/statistical-review-of-world-energy.html).
IEA energy balance statistics for 1970-2015 (2017) (http://www.iea.org).
Olivier, J.G.J. and J.A.H.W. Peters (2018), Trend in Global CO2 and GHG Emissions - 2018 Report, PBL Report no.3125.
IFA 2011-2016 urea consumption and production statistics (June 2018) (http://www.fertilizer.org/Statistics).
USGS (2018), 2010-2017 data of cement, lime, ammonia and ferroalloys of the USGS Commodity Statistics (May 2018) (https://minerals.usgs.gov/minerals/pubs/commodity).
WB (2018) for data of GDP (expressed in 1000 US dollar, and adjusted to the Purchasing Power Parity of 2011) for 1990-2017 (World Bank, July 2018).
World Steel Association (worldsteel, November 2017). Steel Statistical Yearbook 2017 (pdf).
IMF/WEO data of annual GDP growth (2018) for missing data in the WB dataset for recent years. World Economic Outlook Update April 2018. International Monetary Fund.
UNDP population statistics (2017), World Population Prospects (WPP), The 2017 Revision Report United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division.
For more information or data: JRC-EDGAR@ec.europa.eu