Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions

EDGAR v8.0


EDGARv8.0 is the second product of the new EDGAR Community GHG emissions database, which is the outcome of an agreement between JRC and IEA to work more closely to gather and provide consistent harmonised CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion.

EDGARv8.0 provides estimates for emissions of the three main greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) and fluorinated gases per sector and country.

CO2 emissions are provided separately for the fossil and bio components. Emissions of fossil CO2 (also named CO2_excl_short-cycle_org_C) include all fossil CO2 sources, such as fossil fuel combustion, non-metallic mineral processes (e.g. cement production), metal (ferrous and non-ferrous) production processes, urea production, agricultural liming and solvents use. To harmonise global fossil CO2 emission estimates, we incorporate IEA CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion sources (2022b), in the joint IEA-EDGAR CO2 emission dataset (v2). Emissions of bio CO2 (also named CO2_short-cycle_org_C) include emissions from the combustion of biofuels (e.g. primary solid biomass, liquid biofuels, etc.). Large scale biomass burning with Savannah burning, forest fires, and sources and sinks from land-use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) are excluded. Preliminary estimates of wild fires and LULUCF emissions up to 2022 can be found at:

Emissions of fluorinated gases have been derived by multiple sources, most notably from country reporting where available. When not the case, activity data statistics have been derived by UNEP data, from scientific literature and expert judgment.

For the energy related sectors the activity data for non-CO2 emissions are primarily based on IEA data (2022a) World Energy Balances, (, all rights reserved, as modified by Joint Research Centre, European Commission, whereas the activity data for the agricultural sectors originate primarily from FAO (2022) ( United States Geological Survey (USGS), International Fertiliser Association (IFA), Gas Flaring Reduction Partnership (GGFR)/U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), UNFCCC and World Steel Association (worldsteel) recent statistics are also used for activity data. Additional information can be found in Crippa et al. (2023).

Compared to EDGARv7.0 the following updates have been included:

  • Update of activity data for combustion related emissions based on IEA (2022a) data up to the year 2020.
  • Update of activity data for agriculture related emissions based on FAO statistics (2022) up to 2020.
  • Update of all activity data up to 2022 for CO2 process emissions, as reported in Crippa et al. 2023.
  • Extension of GHG emission time series for the latest years up to 2022 using a Fast Track approach. The Fast Track approach for CO2 emissions is described in Guizzardi et al. (2023), while for non-CO2 GHGs a publication is upcoming.
  • Updated spatial proxies for power generation, industrial facilities, intensive livestock, population, non-residential areas, etc., as described in an upcoming publication (Crippa et al., 2023).

Time series (1970-2022)

Monthly time series (1970-2022)

Annual gridmaps (1970-2022)

Annual sector-specific gridmaps (1970-2022)

Monthly sector-specific gridmaps (1970-2022)

Sources and references

Artés, T., Oom, D., De Rigo, D., Durrant, T.H., Maianti, P., Libertà, G. and San-Miguel-Ayanz, J. A global wildfire dataset for the analysis of fire regimes and fire behaviour. Scientific data, 6(1), 1-11 (2019). doi:10.1038/s41597-019-0312-2.

EI, Energy Institute, 2023 Statistical Review of World Energy, 2023,, Last access: July 2023.

FAOSTAT, Statistics Division of the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the UN:, Last access April 2023.

Grassi, G., Conchedda, G., Federici, S., Abad Viñas, R., Korosuo, A., Melo, J., Rossi, S., Sandker, M., Somogyi, Z., and Tubiello, F. N.: Carbon fluxes from land 2000–2020: bringing clarity on countries’ reporting, Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 14, 4643–4666, 2022, doi:10.5194/essd-14-4643-2022.

IEA World Energy Balances 2022 Edition,

IEA Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Energy - 2022 Edition,

IFA, Urea consumption (updates 2010-2019) and production (updates 2020) statistics, 2022,, Last access: June 2023.

IATA, International Air Transport Association Statistics,, 2023, Last access: July 2023.

Jalkanen, J. P., Johansson, L., Kukkonen, J., Brink, A., Kalli, J., Stipa, T. (2012). Extension of an assessment model of ship traffic exhaust emissions for particulate matter and carbon monoxide. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12(5), 2641-2659. doi:10.5194/acp-12-2641-2012

Johansson, L., Jalkanen, J. P., Kukkonen, J. (2017). Global assessment of shipping emissions in 2015 on a high spatial and temporal resolution. Atmospheric Environment, 167, 403-415. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2017.08.042

Olivier, J.G.J, Trends in global CO2 and total greenhouse gas emissions: 2021 Summary Report, PBL Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency, The Hague, 2022.

USGS, USGS Commodity Statistics (June 2022), (, 2023, Last access: May 2023.

WB, data of GDP PPP, (constant 2017 international $) (expressed in 1000 US dollar, and adjusted to the Purchasing Power Parity of 2017) for 1990-2022, World Bank, 2023, July 2023.

World Steel Association, (worldsteel) , Steel Statistical Yearbook 2021,, 2023, Last access: May 2023.

Conditions of use

©European Union 2023, European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), EDGAR (Emissions Database for Global Atmopheric Research) Community GHG database, comprising IEA-EDGAR CO2, EDGAR CH4, EDGAR N2O and EDGAR F-gases version 8.0 (2023). Unless otherwise noted, all material owned by the European Union is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) licence. This means that reuse is allowed, provided that appropriate credit is given and any changes are indicated.

All emissions, except for CO2 emissions from fuel combustion, are from the EDGAR (Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research) Community GHG database comprising IEA-EDGAR CO2, EDGAR CH4, EDGAR N2O and EDGAR F-gases version 8.0 (2023).

IEA-EDGAR CO2, a component of the EDGAR (Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research) Community GHG database version 8.0 (2023) including or based on data from IEA (2022) Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Energy,, as modified by the Joint Research Centre.

IEA-EDGAR CO2 data are based on data from IEA (2022) Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Energy,, as modified by the Joint Research Centre, licensed under CC BY-NC-ND 4.0. Users of the IEA-EDGAR CO2 data should contact the IEA at if they wish to use such data outside the terms of the CC-BY-NC-ND 4.0 licence.

Co-authorship and involvement of the EDGAR Community, which includes the IEA for fossil CO2 emissions, in the emission data analysis is highly appreciated. User's comments and requests can be sent via email to the authors. For IEA data, please refer to

Disclaimer: Without prejudice to the rules applying to the information and data made available by the European Union (in particular the European Commission), as available here and to the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, the European Union ("the Union") and the International Energy Agency ("IEA") disclaim all responsibility or liability in relation to any and all information distributed, published or otherwise made available by them on the EDGAR website, in this dataset and/or in this publication. The Union and the IEA provide any such information as-is and as-available, and make no representations, conditions or warranties of any kind concerning this information, whether express, implied, statutory, or other (including, without limitation, any warranties or conditions of title, non-infringement, merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose). To the maximum extent permitted by applicable law, in no event shall the Union or the IEA be liable to any third party on any legal theory (including, without limitation, negligence) or otherwise for any direct, special, indirect, incidental, consequential, punitive, exemplary, or other losses, costs, expenses, or damages arising out of the distribution, publication, making available or use of any such information.

How to cite the content of reports

Crippa, M., Guizzardi, D., Pagani, F., Banja, M., Muntean, M., Schaaf E., Becker, W., Monforti-Ferrario, F., Quadrelli, R., Risquez Martin, A., Taghavi-Moharamli, P., Köykkä, J., Grassi, G., Rossi, S., Brandao De Melo, J., Oom, D., Branco, A., San-Miguel, J., Vignati, E., GHG emissions of all world countries, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2023, doi:10.2760/953322, JRC134504.

How to cite the use of underlying data

EDGAR (Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research) Community GHG Database, a collaboration between the European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), the International Energy Agency (IEA), and comprising IEA-EDGAR CO2, EDGAR CH4, EDGAR N2O, EDGAR F-GASES version 8.0, (2023) European Commission, JRC (Datasets). The complete citation of the EDGAR Community GHG Database is available in the 'Sources and References' section.

IEA-EDGAR CO2, a component of the EDGAR (Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research) Community GHG database version 8.0 (2023) including or based on data from IEA (2022) Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Energy,, as modified by the Joint Research Centre.

Users of the data are obliged to acknowledge the source of the data also with reference to the EDGARv8.0 website (link) and/or relevant reports.


For more information or data:
For IEA data, please refer to or for terms questions.