Global Greenhouse Gas Emissions

EDGAR v7.0

Introduction

EDGARv7.0 provides emissions of the three main greenhouse gases (CO2, CH4, N2O) and fluorinated gases per sector and country.

CO2 emissions are provided separately for CO2_excl_short-cycle_org_C and CO2_short-cycle_org_C. Emissions of CO2_excl_short-cycle_org_C include all fossil CO2 sources, such as fossil fuel combustion, non-metallic mineral processes (e.g. cement production), metal (ferrous and non-ferrous) production processes, urea production, agricultural liming and solvents use. To harmonise global CO2 emission estimates, for the first time we incorporate IEA CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion sources (IEA; 2021b), representing the first IEA-EDGAR CO2 emission dataset. Large scale biomass burning with Savannah burning, forest fires, and sources and sinks from land-use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) are excluded. Preliminary estimates of wild fires and LULUCF emissions up to 2020 can be found at: https://edgar.jrc.ec.europa.eu/report_2022.

Emissions of fluorinated gases have been derived by multiple sources, most notably from country reporting where available. When not the case, activity data statistics have been derived by UNEP data, from scientific literature and expert judgment.

For the energy related sectors the activity data are primarily based on IEA data from IEA (2021a) World Energy Balances, (Internet: link), all rights reserved, as modified by Joint Research Centre, European Commission, whereas the activity data for the agricultural sectors originate primarily from FAO (2021) (Internet: link). United States Geological Survey (USGS), International Fertiliser Association (IFA), Gas Flaring Reduction Partnership (GGFR)/U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), UNFCCC and World Steel Association (worldsteel) recent statistics are also used for activity data. Additional information can be found in Crippa et al. (2021, 2022 ).

Compared to EDGARv6.0 the following updates have been included:

  • Update of activity data for combustion related emissions based on IEA (2021a) data up to the year 2019
  • Update of activity data for agriculture related emissions based on FAO statistics (2022) up to 2019 (for crop related emissions) and 2020 (for livestock related emissions)
  • Update of all activity data up to 2021 for CO2 process emissions, as reported in Crippa et al. 2022
  • Extension of GHG emission time series for the latest years up to 2021 using a Fast Track approach. The Fast Track approach for CO2 emissions is described in Crippa et al. (2022), while for non-CO2 GHGs a publication is upcoming


Conditions of emission data use and code of conduct

Users of the data are obliged to acknowledge the source of the data with a reference to the EDGARv7.0 website (link) to Crippa et al. (2021, 2022).

Co-authorship and involvement of the EDGAR Team in the emission data analysis is highly appreciated. User’s comments and requests can be sent via email to the authors.

Time series 1970-2021

Monthly time series 2000-2021

Annual gridmaps 1970-2021

Annual sector-specific gridmaps (1970-2021)

Sources and references

IEA World Energy Balances, www.iea.org/data-and-statistics, All rights reserved, as modified by Joint Research Centre, European Commission, 2021a.

IEA Greenhouse gas emissions from energy - 2021 Edition, www.iea.org, 2021b.

FAOSTAT (2022), Statistics Division of the Food and Agricultural Organisation of the UN: www.fao.org/faostat, Last access May 2022.

Crippa, M., Guizzardi, D., Banja, M., Solazzo, E., Muntean, M., Schaaf, E., Pagani, F., Monforti-Ferrario, F., Olivier, J., Quadrelli, R., Risquez Martin, A., Taghavi-Moharamli, P., Grassi, G., Rossi, S., Jacome Felix Oom, D., Branco, A., San-Miguel-Ayanz, J. and Vignati, E., CO2 emissions of all world countries - 2022 Report, EUR 31182 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2022, doi:10.2760/730164, JRC130363

Crippa, M., Guizzardi, D., Solazzo, E., Muntean, M., Schaaf, E., Monforti-Ferrario, F., Banja, M., Olivier, J.G.J., Grassi, G., Rossi, S., Vignati, E.,GHG emissions of all world countries - 2021 Report, EUR 30831 EN, Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg, 2021, ISBN 978-92-76-41547-3, doi:10.2760/173513, JRC126363

Contacts

For more information or data: JRC-EDGAR@ec.europa.eu