Welcome to the homepage of EDGAR
The Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) provides global past and present day anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants by country and on spatial grid. The current development of EDGAR is a joint project of the European Commission JRC Joint Research Centre and the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL).
Slowdown in the increase in global CO2 emissions in 2012.
PBL / JRC report 83593; EUR 26098 EN; ISBN 978-94-91506-51-2
Actual global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) reached 34.5 billion ton in 2012, which means a relative increase in 2012 compared to 2011 of only 1.1% - less than half of the average annual increase of 2.9% over the last decade. This is remarkable, as the global economy grew by 3.5% in 2012 compared to 2011. This development signals a shift towards less fossil-fuel intensive activities, more use of renewable energy and increased energy saving. Increases in fossil-fuel consumption in 2012 were 2.2% for natural gas (with US today's world's largest gas producer), 0.9% for oil products, and 0.6% for coal (with China still largest coal consumer) compared to 2011. Increases in coal consumption in Europe of 3% is observed in 2012 compared to 2011 (mainly caused by Spain, the United Kingdom and Germany), which indicates that coal with relative low prices (especially from cheap USA coal import) backs up the intermittent renewables, also compensating the reduced share of nuclear. The share of the 'new' renewable energy sources solar, wind and biofuel increased with accelerating speed: it took 15 years from 1992 for the share to double from 0.5% to 1.1%, but only 6 more years to do so again, to 2.4% in 2012.
This might indicate that a further slowdown in the increase in global CO2 emissions, is achievable if (a) China achieves its own target of a maximum level of energy consumption by 2015 and its shift to gas with a natural gas share of 10% by 2020; (b) the United States continues a shift its energy mix towards more gas and renewable energy; and (c) in the European Union, Member States agree on restoring the effectiveness of the EU Emissions Trading System to further reduce actual emissions.
More info can be found in the CO2 report 2013
With corrigendum: Errata
The Covenant of Mayors in Figures, 5-Year Assessment
JRC Reference report: JRC81785
EUR - Scientific and Technical Research series: EUR 25992 EN
After almost five years of activity, preliminary results of the projects may be highlighted. Up to mid-March 2013, 5 049 municipalities signed the Covenant of Mayors (CoM), for a total of 160 million inhabitants in the EU-27 (corresponding to more than 43 % of the EU-27 urban population) and a total of 187 million inhabitants in the whole project (corresponding to 34 % of the urban population of the participating 47 countries). Furthermore, 24 municipalities with more than 1 million inhabitants signed the CoM. Among these signatories, 2 600 had already submitted a Sustainable Energy Action Plan and a corresponding Baseline Emission Inventory, resulting in 1 100 accepted Action Plans, covering 45 328 879 inhabitants. Although the minimum commitment was to reduce 20 % of the current emissions, 699 signatories committed to reduce more than the threshold, resulting in an estimated emission reduction in 2020 of 97±2 KtCO2-eq.
The CoM appeared very popular in southern European countries. As such, the total CoM emissions of the signatories in Spain and Italy are approaching the national total of CoM sectors for Italy, according to EDGAR estimates. In northern European countries, the CoM could gain some more popularity. Even though in some countries, such as Spain and Italy, publicity for the CoM paid off and many signatories were registered, real greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions are only starting. Many efforts and more engagement will be needed by the mayors to realise the reduction targets. The implementation of several GHG reduction measures takes time, depending on the measure. However, with the extension of the CoM eastwards (into the Newly Independent States) and southwards (into the North African countries around the Mediterranean Sea) the EU-27 should be a representative example.
The online version of the report can be downloaded [here][ more news... ]
Contact information: greet.maenhout(at)jrc.ec.europa.eu
EDGAR project team
European Commission - JRC Joint Research Centre
IES Institute for Environment and Sustainability
I-21020, Ispra (Va), Italy
The mission of the JRC is to provide customer-driven scientific and technical support for the conception, development, implementation and monitoring of EU policies. As a service of the European Commission, the JRC functions as a reference centre of science and technology for the Union. Close to the policy-making process, it serves the common interest of the Member States, while being independent of special interests, whether private or national.