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EDGAR's triple contribution at COP22

  1. Global CO2 Trends: EDGAR continues the annual series on "Trends in Global CO2 Emissions" with the 2016 report, providing the European Commission's policymakers (EC-DG CLIMA) an overview on the current status of all world country's inventories of CO2 emissions from fossil fuel and industry, released on 6 December 2016.
  2. Covenant of Mayors: EDGAR contributes to the overall evaluation of urban emission inventories as reported by signatories of the Covenant of Mayors, an 8-year old initiative that starts paying off, as discussed in the Science for Policy report: "The Covenant of Mayors: Greenhouse Gas Emissions Achievements and Projections", released on 14 November 2016 and presented at the UNFCCC Conference of Parties COP22
  3. CO2 Monitoring: EDGAR contributes with scientific & technical advice on a European Fossil CO2 Monitoring System, to be operational under the Copernicus Programme of EC-DG GROW, as presented on 8 November 2016 at the EarthInfo UNFCCC event.

What's new?

Trends in Global CO2 Emissions.
by J.G.J. Olivier, G. Janssens-Maenhout, M. Muntean,. J.H.A.W. Peters, November 2016

2015, the year of the landmark Paris Agreement was remarkable. Not only was 2015 the hottest year since records began in 1880, but top emitter China started to curb carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. As a result, global CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion and cement production and other processes decreased in 2015 by 0.1% compared to 2014. China (with 29% share in global total) and the United States (with 14% share) gave an example by effectively reducing their CO2 emissions by 0.7% and 2.6%, respectively, in 2015 compared to 2014. Also emissions in the Russian Federation (5% share) and Japan (3.5% share) decreased by 3.4% and 2.2%, respectively. However, the European Union (EU-28) (10% share) and India (7% share) report increases of 1.3% and 5.1%, respectively. Taking into account the uncertainty in the trend we conclude that in 2015 global CO2 emissions for these sources have stalled. Since global population growth is 1.2% per year, stalling of global emissions means per definition a 1.2% decrease in global per capita CO2 emissions from 5.0 ton CO2/cap in 2014 to 4.9 ton CO2/cap in 2015. On a global scale, the slowdown in emissions since 2012 has lasted for four years now and also reflects structural changes in the global economy, such as improvements in energy efficiency and in the energy mix in major emitting countries, as anticipated in previous CO2 reports of Olivier et al. (2015, 2014). However, further mitigation of fossil-fuel use is called for to achieve the large absolute decreases in global greenhouse gas emissions that are necessary to meet the Paris Agreement's goal to keep global warming to well below 2degC. The reductions needed to meet this target are still achievable through further deployment of mitigation measures, provided that the deployment is implemented both at large scale and fast. The Clean Energy Package, proposed by the European Commission on 30th November 2016 is a good example in this direction.

More info can be found in the CO2 report 2016.
Timeseries can be downloaded from CO2 time series 1990-2015 per region/country and CO2 time series 1990-2015 per capita for world countries and CO2 emissions per GDP for each country 1990-2015.
CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel use and cement production in the top 5 emitting countries and the EU

The Covenant of Mayors: GHG Emissions Achievements and Projections
by A. Kona, G. Melica, A. Iancu, B. Koffi, P. Zancanella, S. Rivas Calvete, P. Bertoldi, G. Janssens-Maenhout, F. Monforti-Ferrario, November 2016
presented at the Energy for cities event at COP22 by P. Bertoldi (European Commission, JRC)

This JRC report assesses the success of the 8-yr old Covenant of Mayors initiative. After the adoption of the EU Climate and Energy Package (updated under COM/2015/080), the European Commission launched in 2008 the Covenant of Mayors initiative as a way to endorse and support the efforts deployed by local authorities in the implementation of sustainable energy policies. The Energy DG of the European Commission extended end last year the mandate to cover not only mitigation but also adaptation and the time horizon to 2030 (in line with EU’s 2030 climate and energy package) and renamed the initiative as the Covenant of Mayors for Climate and Energy. In September 2016 already 213 million citizens are covered by a city that adhered to the initiative, which proves the successful outreach to local authorities at various levels (from municipalities to regions and provinces), nonprofit organizations and networks. The minimum mitigation target of 20% greenhouse gases emission reduction by 2020 was, in September 2016, already overcommitted with 7% point by 5910 signatories (representing 204.01 million citizens) that set an overall reduction target of 27%.

More info can be found in the report
Also the 1 Gigaton Coalition lists CoM as one of the success stories in their report "Renewable energy and energy efficiency in developing countries: contributions to reducing global emissions", released on 3 November 2016. Followup is foreseen with a methodological workshop at COP22 on 17th November.

Towards a European Operational Observing System to Monitor Fossil CO2 emissions, by P. Ciais, D. Crisp, H.A.C. Denier van der Gon, R. Engelen, M. Heimann, G. Janssens-Maenhout, P. Rayner, M. Scholze, reviewed by P. Bergamaschi, M. Dowell, G. Broquet, F. Chevallier, B. Pinty, H. Zunker, October 2015
presented at the EarthInfo event of UNFCCC at COP22 by B. Pinty (European Commission, JRC - DG GROW)

This European Commission (EC, DG GROW - JRC) report spells out the ingredients for a European CO2 Space programme under the Copernicus framework. It provides the roadmap for a European integrated observation system dedicated to the monitoring of fossil CO2 emissions using independent atmospheric observations. The CO2 monitoring system comprises: (1) atmospheric CO2 measurements obtained from dedicated space-borne sensors, complemented by in-situ networks, which together allow for the separation of fossil CO2 emissions from natural fluxes, (2) the operational provision of bottom-up fossil CO2 emission maps, at high spatial and temporal resolution, and near-real-time updates, (3) an operational data-assimilation system, which will integrate atmospheric measurements with bottom-up information into consistent and accurate estimates of fossil CO2 emissions and their trends. In followup of the identified current and future scientific and technical capacities, the EC (DG GROW/ Copernicus) established CO2 Monitoring Task Forces, with ESA (Earth Observation Programme) to advise on the pre-operational implementation of a space component and with JRC to set-up a specific European verification system with an operational data infrastructure for monitoring anthropogenic CO2 emissions. The ultimate goal for the EC is to enable an observation system to monitor global anthropogenic GHG emissions with operational and internationally coordinated capabilities likely to be available in the 2030s.

More info can be found in the presentation of 08-11-2016 or in the CO2 monitoring report of 23-10-2015

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