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Welcome to the homepage of EDGAR

The Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research (EDGAR) provides global past and present day anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases and air pollutants by country and on spatial grid. The current development of EDGAR is a joint project of the European Commission JRC Joint Research Centre and the Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency (PBL).

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Forty years of improvements in European air quality: regional policy-industry interactions with global impacts

The EDGARv4.3.1 (Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research) global anthropogenic emissions inventory of gaseous (SO2, NOx, CO, non-methane volatile organic compounds and NH3) and particulate (PM10, PM2.5, black and organic carbon) air pollutants for the period 1970–2010 is used to develop retrospective air pollution emissions scenarios to quantify the roles and contributions of changes in energy consumption and efficiency, technology progress and end-of-pipe emission reduction measures and their resulting impact on health and crop yields at European and global scale. The reference EDGARv4.3.1 emissions include observed and reported changes in activity data, fuel consumption and air pollution abatement technologies over the past 4 decades, combined with Tier 1 and region-specific Tier 2 emission factors. Two further retrospective scenarios assess the interplay of policy and industry. The highest emission STAG_TECH scenario assesses the impact of the technology and end-of-pipe reduction measures in the European Union, by considering historical fuel consumption, along with a stagnation of technology with constant emission factors since 1970, and assuming no further abatement measures and improvement imposed by European emission standards. The lowest emission STAG_ENERGY scenario evaluates the impact of increased fuel consumption by considering unchanged energy consumption since the year 1970, but assuming the technological development, end-of-pipe reductions, fuel mix and energy efficiency of 2010. Our scenario analysis focuses on the three most important and most regulated sectors (power generation, manufacturing industry and road transport), which are subject to multi-pollutant European Union Air Quality regulations. Stagnation of technology and air pollution reduction measures at 1970 levels would have led to 129% (or factor 2.3) higher SO2, 71% higher NOx and 69% higher PM2.5emissions in Europe (EU27), demonstrating the large role that technology has played in reducing emissions in 2010. However, stagnation of energy consumption at 1970 levels, but with 2010 fuel mix and energy efficiency, and assuming current (year 2010) technology and emission control standards, would have lowered today's NOx emissions by ca. 38%, SO2 by 50% and PM2.5 by 12% in Europe. A reduced-form chemical transport model is applied to calculate regional and global levels of aerosol and ozone concentrations and to assess the associated impact of air quality improvements on human health and crop yield loss, showing substantial impacts of EU technologies and standards inside as well as outside Europe. We assess that the interplay of policy and technological advance in Europe had substantial benefits in Europe, but also led to an important improvement of particulate matter air quality in other parts of the world.

The paper can be downloaded at Monica Crippa, Greet Janssens-Maenhout, Frank Dentener, Diego Guizzardi, Katerina Sindelarova, Marilena Muntean, Rita Van Dingenen, Claire Granier: Forty years of improvements in European air quality: regional policy-industry interactions with global impacts, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 16, 3825-3841, doi:10.5194/acp-16-3825-2016, 2016. [ Go to dataset ]

Stagnation of the global CO2 emissions in 2014.
JRC report 98184 / PBL report 1803 November 2015

Are global CO2 emissions still rising? Yes, but after slowing down for two years, their increase almost stalled in 2014. In fact, the emissions from fossil fuel combustion and from industrial processes totalled to 35.7 billion tonnes CO2, showing only a 0.5% increase in 2014 compared to 2013. At the same time the world’s economy grew with 3%, showing a partial decoupling between the growth of global CO2 emissions and that of the economy. In 2014, per capita primary energy consumption decreased compared to the previous year, for the first time since 1998, if the recession year of 2009 is excluded. The mild winter considerably helped to limit fossil fuel demand for space heating, particularly in Europe. To the top 4 emitters belong China (29.6%), the United States (15.0%), the European Union (EU28) (9.6%) and India (6.5%), of which only India is showing a considerable increase in CO2 emissions of 7.8% in 2014 compared to 2013. China and USA both showed only a very small increase of 0.9% in 2014 compared to 2013 whereas EU28 showed even a reduction of 5.4%. It should be noted that the quality of the emissions estimate depends strongly on large emitters, such as China, who revised this year its coal statistics with increases of 7-13%, which implies 6-11% higher CO2 emissions for the period 2000-2013.

More info can be found in the CO2 report 2015.
With corrigendum: Errata

Timeseries can be downloaded from CO2 time series 1990-2014 per region/country and CO2 time series 1990-2014 per capita for world countries and CO2 emissions per GDP for each country 1990-2014.
CO2 emissions from fossil-fuel use and cement production in the top 5 emitting countries and the EU

The Under Two Degrees Memorandum of Understanding
signed by the Ministries of Environment for the regions Lombardy, Sardinia, Baden-Wuerttemberg, South-Holland and California

The Joint Research Centre was invited for a keynote lecture and support to DG CLIMA, DG ENER and DG GROW at global scale with the global emissions database EDGAR as well as at local scale with the Covenant of Mayors Project was presented.

Presentation: "Road to Paris 2015 climate talks with cities thinking globally, acting locally: JRC Contributions to European Commission support"

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Contact information: greet.maenhout(at)

EDGAR project team
Greet Janssens-Maenhout
European Commission - JRC Joint Research Centre
IES Institute for Environment and Sustainability
TP 290
I-21020, Ispra (Va), Italy


As the science and knowledge service of the European Commission, the Joint Research Centre's mission is to support EU policies with independent evidence throughout the whole policy cycle.